Serious rebuttals of Mr. Lincoln Lewis’s misleading representations and propagation of a rumour (Part…

first_imgDear Editor,Instead, we quickly developed a base plan, which we soon disclosed at a meeting to which Mr. Lewis was invited and was present: a plan not to close, but to resume management of the operations, and to find and put together money to resume subsidy of the bauxite operations.While I cannot immediately recall all the details of that plan, it would have been firstly a holding operation, based on the realities of recent production rates, costs, prices and losses.We also quickly applied to the EEC/EU for a SYSMINS loan/grant, which was available for places where the legacy mining business was judged to be no longer sustainable. The processing of this application was protracted, about seven years to first disbursement, partly because, based on the relevant consultants’ reports, the various reviewing committees were slow to accept that the situation in Linden was as desperate as in other places applying for their support. Approval, finally, was a well-earned reward to our perseverance.Mr Lewis charges us with reducing calcine (RASC) production at Linden. My recall is that whilst there might have been a target of 400,000 tons per year, production and sales were running at about 200,000 tons per year. Mr. Lewis declares, “Guyana never experienced a problem finding market for its bauxite products”, but he misses the point: What did/does he think of the huge losses since the mid- 1970s? Evidently, all and any production was being sold, but at prices far below what was required to cover all costs and provide a return on investment, or to create a future investment fund. As indicated in the KATSI (Kaiser Aluminum Technical Services Inc.) report of 1983, funded by the multilateral agencies, we (the bauxite operations) needed to get to where the sales-price-to-costs ratio was improved by a factor of 100:70.To develop this question further, it was long recognised that as another thousand tons of RASC were produced and sold, it went to a market/user where steadily lower cost alternatives were available, but with a single product price differentiation in the total market, it was not sustainable. So, RASC price was being determined by the lowest price/value of the sales on the margin. Experience (unto BOSAI today) seems to suggest that there was/is a core demand for RASC of about 200,000 tons per year, for which the value/price return may be sustainable.Lewis charges us with breaking up the Guyana bauxite workers’ pension plan, “the single largest pool of money owned by African workers”. There had been extensive discussions about what was to be done in preparation for, and on privatisation.First, the Government had to find the monies to bring up-to-date a workers’ savings scheme, outstanding PAYE and NIS submissions, and an estimated fund to pay enhanced retrenchment benefits promptly. Preference was to close the old companies completely, provide all benefits promptly to workers, and start afresh with the new private companies. For a number of reasons, we took the decision to bring the pension scheme to an end, and return their entitlements directly to each worker:a) As Guyana had experienced an inflation of 500 to 1000 over the time from its inception, the monthly pension payments would have been very small – even less than 20 per cent of the (also small) NIS pensionb) Charges for a commercial manager of this closed, non-receiving pension scheme may have quickly eaten up the principal.Mr. Lewis has been upset that the PPP/C Administration did not hand over “this single largest pool of money owned by African workers”. I would guess that there would have been up to about 10 per cent [other peoples] to some self-proclaimed “African Leaders group”. We felt that our legal and moral responsibility was to provide to the individual workers whatever money was to their credit. We provided to the workers information on available commercial schemes, and the schemes also invited Mr. Lewis to sell his “fund” ideas directly to the workers. This was not a cynical move – for success and satisfaction of whatever was their alternative “fund” plan, a direct, earnest, deep, trusting relationship needed to be developed between the expected fund managers and the fund investors – the workers.Mr. Lewis again seeks to justify continuing about the 90 per cent subsidised electricity prices across Linden as being “deferred wages/salaries” in a 1976 labour agreement; an arrangement whose roots go back to the 1940s and through the beginning of the ending of the isolation of that 100 per cent company town towards the end of the 1960s with the opening of the Soesdyke-Linden Highway. Up to about that time, upwards of 80 per cent of homes would have had one or more persons working directly with the bauxite company. Today, forty-plus years later, not more than 20 per cent of homes would have one member working with the new bauxite company. It was with a sense of a long overdue need for reform ( first signalled in 1976 by then President Burnham) that we, PPP/C, during the Government-Opposition talks following the reading of our 2012 budget, developed an understanding for a phased merger of the electricity supply in Linden/Region 10 into GPL. The reduction of subsidies over the transition period would have provided additional financing for the development of the people and the Region. We all know how that turned out – a reform still to be faced up to someday.Mr Lewis raises again the event of the dismissal of some workers at Aroiama in 2009. I don’t know what assurances the then Opposition and now Coalition Government would have given to Mr. Lewis and the Union, explicitly and/or implicitly. My position was clear – whilst I understood the two different positions and recognised that the union expected Government support, I could not find that the behaviour of the fired workers was acceptable, and therefore I could not call on the Company to reverse its decision. I certainly wanted, and remained alert to, opportunities for reconciliation. As I have remarked before, it has been unfortunate that in the circumstances of the racial and social separation in the bauxite company towns, the black-white struggles internationally of the times, and in the run up to Independence and nationalisation, the behaviour of workers was tolerated and even instigated, which otherwise would have been unacceptable. Disappointments with each other, which one could anticipate, soon became evident in the gap which early appeared between bauxite workers and the Party and Government which they supported, made evident in the RILA protests which preceded nationalisation. This disappointment and ensuing rancour could be readily sensed in then Prime Minister Burnham’s speech in Linden on the 5th anniversary of nationalisation (in 1976), a speech in which he spoke about being the Prime Minister for all of Guyana, and not just for Linden, and of the decision to merge the electricity system of Linden into the national GEC.Sincerely,Samuel A.A. HindsFormer PrimeMinister,and Former President.last_img read more

Election Campaign Kicks Off Low in Nimba

first_imgThe special senatorial campaign has kicked off in Nimba County despite poor expectation from the community.The first day of the campaign in Nimba County is not impressive as compared to the 2011 general election which was overwhelming beyond everybody’s expectation.Among the six candidates contesting the senatorial seat, two in Cllr Yarmin Quiqui Gbeisay and former Nimba Supt. Edith Gongloe Weh were actively seen on fliers posted in public places around Ganta.The momentum around Nimba is not high as compared to the 2011 general election, where the citizens were overwhelmingly involved.  Only a few persons were seemed on the streets of Ganta posting fliers for both Cllr Gbeisay and Edith Wehyee.The remaining candidates, including Senator Prince Y. Johnson, former Education Minister Joseph Kortoe, former AFL General John Teah and Mr. Peter Weator are yet to be seen in the public.But according to supporters of Prince Johnson, they will be launching on the 27th of November, where three cows are expected to be killed.  The camp of Mr. Peter Weatoe said they will be launching on 23rd November in the Nimba border town of Karnplay, but nothing is being heard from Dr. Joseph Kortoe as of yet.An Early opinion poll conducted on the 12th of November by the local radio station in Ganta gave Senator Prince Y. Johnson an edge with 20 points, followed by Cllr Yarmie Quiqui Gbeinsay with 12 points in senatorial bid for Nimba.However, a group under the banner “Concerned Nimbaians” is calling on all Nimbaians to turn out en masse to cast their vote for the best interest of the county, but expressed its neutrality in the ongoing campaigning process as a group.“An individual of the group has the right to campaign for anybody of their choice, but as a group we remain neutral,” said Sam Ta Kruah, a spokesperson.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

6 Students Injured in Collapsed Classroom

first_imgSix students of Liberian government operated Soul Clinic Public School (SCPS) in Paynesville yesterday sustained injuries when their classroom collapsed on them.At about 8:45 a.m. yesterday during the heavy downpour in the area, students in the second grade class felt the school building shake, Vice Principal for Instruction Perry Stevens told the Daily Observer.“Few minutes later,” he quoted the students as saying, “a big sound came from under their feet and the front side of their classroom broke down.”He said one of the girls, aged 14, sustained an injury on her right arm and another sustained “serious injury,” but he did not elaborate.Stevens also told the Daily Observer that Education Minister George Werner and two Ministry of Education officials conveyed the injured students to the ELWA Hospital for treatment.Minister Werner expressed regret and described the situation as sad and unfortunate.Mr. Stevens said classes at the school have been suspended, pending direction from the Ministry of Education. Up to late yesterday, there was no information about the students’ injuries from the hospital.Responding to reactions from the affected students’ parents on the suspension of classes, Stevens appealed to all parties to exercise patience, that due to the heavy downpour, the front of the collapsed building was also flooded.He meanwhile called on the Ministry of Education to work along with the school’s Parents and Teachers Association (PTA) to acquire additional land to expand the school.He disclosed that the school is running three sessions and enrolment for the 2016/17 academic year has increased sharply. According to him, each classroom is now constrained to take 50 students.The additional work on the annex to the school was carried out by the international non-governmental organization, International Relief and Development (IRD). Some parents interviewed yesterday at the school hoped that efforts will be exerted by the Minister of Education, Principal and staff for the early resumption of classes.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Teen charged for 2 counts of armed robbery

first_imgA teenager was released on $100,000 bail after being slapped with two counts of robberies under arms charges earlier this week.Eighteen- year old Tishan Welcom, of Hadfield Street, Wortmanville, denied that on October 17, 2018 at Cornhill Street, Georgetown, while being in the company of others and armed with a knife; he robbed Bisnauth Narine of a Samsung cellphone valued $90,000 and also $20,000.Another charge stated that on the same day at the same location, while being in the company of others, he robbed Kiren Persaud of one Samsung S8 phone valued at $190,000 and $90,000. However, the teen denied both charges.Police Prosecutor Rorrel Thornhill objected to bail, citing the seriousness of the offence and the fact that personal violence was used on both victims.However, the prosecution is contention that on October 17 about 18:20h, Bisnauth Narine and his cousin, Kiren Persaud, were in the vicinity of Cornhill Street, Georgetown when the teen and his accomplices pounced on them with a knife and demanded that they handed over their valuables.Following the robbery, a report was made at the Brickdam Police Station and an investigation was carried. The defendant was later arrest with the knife in his waist and according to Police, he was positively identified by the victims.Magistrate Fabayo Azore released the teen on $50,000 bail for each charge. The case will continue on November 28.last_img read more

Emery puts on brave face as Arsenal cut adrift from European elite

first_img0Shares0000Unai Emery had been hoping to win the Europa League for the fourth time in his coaching career © AFP / Kirill KUDRYAVTSEVBAKU, Azerbaijan, May 30 – Another defeat in a European final and another year without Champions League football. The first season of the post Arsene Wenger era ends in deflating disappointment for Arsenal.Unai Emery’s record as a Europa League specialist had given Gunners supporters hope that he could bring them success in the competition and lead them back to Europe’s elite. Instead Arsenal left Baku with their tails between their legs on the wrong end of a 4-1 hammering from London rivals Chelsea.A third successive season away from the Champions League comes after two decades of sustained involvement, with all the loss of prestige that entails.Emery has won this competition three times before and will have another crack next year after his side finished fifth in the Premier League, behind Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur, prior to this defeat.It was always going to be a difficult task picking up the pieces after Wenger’s departure and ultimately the Spaniard has made scant progress — from sixth in the Premier League last season to fifth this time, and from beaten semi-finalists in the Europa League to beaten finalists.“We have not achieved our first target but we were close in the Premier League and we were in this final. The next challenge is to do one more step on our way,” Emery said.“We are disappointed but in general I think we made a new step in improving and being competitive to progress next year.”Arsenal started well in Wednesday’s final but were ultimately crushed by their opponents in the second half, never recovering after Olivier Giroud’s opening goal against his old side.Substitute Alex Iwobi’s brilliant volleyed effort came too late to change the outcome of the game.Their 25-year wait to win another European trophy goes on for a club whohave now lost in their last four appearances in a continental final.Alexandre Lacazette comes to terms with Arsenal’s defeat in the Europa League final © AFP / Alexander NEMENOVChelsea have won five European titles over that last quarter of a century, and Arsenal are being left to play catch-up on and off the field at the Emirates Stadium.The difference in prize money between Europe’s two club competitions is huge, with the winners of this season’s Champions League set to earn around 100 million euros ($111 million) and winning the Europa League worth less than half that amount.Arsenal had already dropped to ninth place in the most recent Deloitte Football Money League, in between Chelsea and Tottenham, with revenue of just under 440 million euros last year.– ‘Positive for future’ –Not being in the Champions League is a major factor in that, although the financial rewards on offer domestically remain massive.They brought in almost £139 million pounds ($176 million) from television in the Premier League season just finished, and a new kit deal with Adidas is believed to be worth in the region of £60 million a year for the next five years.Nevertheless, not having the pulling power of the Champions League will be a concern for Emery as he sits down to discuss transfer targets for next season.“Maybe,” Emery said when asked if he thought not qualifying would impact Arsenal’s ability to attract players.“But I think we are a big team and I think Arsenal is a big name in the football world and a lot of players want to play here.”Petr Cech retired from playing after Wednesday’s game and other players will leave the club along with Aaron Ramsey, who is off to Juventus.However, the strike pairing of Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang and Alexandre Lacazette scored 50 goals in the season just finished and Emery believes there are plenty of encouraging signs.“We are in one process and we need to be strong in our way and it is the reason that, when we started this season, the idea was to get more competitive as a team, get closer to the other teams, and we did that,” he said.“At the moment it is not enough for our target but next year we will continue.“I am positive for our future, creating a way with young players and getting better.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Liverpool line up v Stoke with Europa League match against Dortmund in mind?

first_img 18. Alberto Moreno (left back) 11 15. Daniel Sturridge (striker) 11 11 11 38. Jon Flanagan (right back) 7. James Milner (central midfield) 11 11 11 24. Joe Allen (central midfield) 11 6. Dejan Lovren (centre back) – click the arrow above, right, to see the predicted Liverpool line up in squad number order 20. Adam Lallana (wide forward) 11 22. Simon Mignolet (goalkeeper) 17. Mamadou Sakho (centre back) 11 33. Jordon Ibe (wide forward) In between two crucial Europa League games against Borussia Dortmund, Liverpool face Stoke in the Premier League.The Reds welcome the German club to Anfield on Thursday following their 1-1 draw, but against the Potters, they have Emre Can suspended and both Lucas and Jordan Henderson injured.Roberto Firmino and Daniel Sturridge came on late against Dortmund and may play from the start with a number of other players rested before the return leg.Click the arrow above, right, to see the predicted Liverpool XI to take on Stoke and let us know if you agree. 11 11. Roberto Firmino (central attack) last_img read more

Role players spark Lancers tourney run

first_img The play of Shawne Raiford, Tammyka Moser and Tonisha Phelps led Lakewood to the title game without coach Douglas Benjamin, who had to leave town for a family emergency. Raiford was the team’s outside threat, scoring 20 points in the quarterfinals, and was the second-leading scorer in other games. Moser came through with 23 points and 21 rebounds in a semifinal game and she had 21 points against El Segundo. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECoach Doc Rivers a “fan” from way back of Jazz’s Jordan Clarkson Glenn coach Linda Parra will be a little shorthanded against Mayfair when the teams meet at 5 p.m. Friday in a Suburban League tilt. She will play six of 11 players. “We tape everybody up every day,” Parra said. Christina Hernandez, who has fluid on one knee, tripped in practice just before the Cantwell-Sacred Heart Tournament, which started on Dec. 26. She isn’t expected to return to the lineup until sometime next week. Raven Tripp, who also has fluid on the knee, has been sidelined for the past month. Point guard Jocelyne Santos has been hampered by ankle problems. And two players don’t see much playing time. The Suburban League opens Wednesday with Bellflower at Artesia, Glenn at Cerritos and La Mirada at Mayfair. All games begin at 5 p.m. The role players on Lakewood High’s girls basketball team carried the Lancers to the championship game of the Gahr Holiday Tournament, before they lost 47-43 to Culver City on Friday night. Shanies Augustus is the team’s best all-around player and one of the best guards in the area, but she didn’t have one of her better performances in the tournament. She seemed out of sync with the team for the majority of the tournament, which could have been due to the flu. She sat out the first game against El Segundo, and when she did play she was in foul trouble a lot and forced her shots. She did, however, score 14 points in the final. center_img — Earl Williams BOYS BASKETBALL After finishing in third place in the Nogales Tournament last week, Bellflower coach Ray Walker likes the way his team is playing to start the season. But at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday, the 10-4 Buccaneers will face their biggest challenge of the season when they begin play in the Suburban League at Artesia. The Pioneers are 12-1 this season and have already beaten California powers Fairfax and Westchester, have won two tournaments and just barely missed winning tournament in Delaware last week. “They’re a good team,” Walker said. “Honestly, they’re probably the best team in the state and we know we’re going to have our hands full. I don’t know if you can stop them, but we have to try to find a way to take them out of their game. “They have so much talent it’s scary but it’s going to be a good test for us. We’ll know right away where we stand as a team.” Artesia coach Scott Pera doesn’t believe losing is ever a good thing but he’s willing to withhold judgment after he saw his team lose last week to Hughes Center 59-58 in the finals of the Bay Ball Classic in Delaware. “We’ll know if losing that game is a good thing or not in two months,” Pera said. “No loss is ever good but if we learn from it and we take that experience and we’re still playing in March because of it, then maybe we needed it. But right now, I can’t say that I’m happy we’re not undefeated anymore. “We’re angry and we want to take it out on our opponents in the Suburban League. This is the second part of the season, we’re the defending champions and we want to get back on the winning track.” After losing in the finals of the Wilson Tournament to Los Alamitos last week, Mayfair will begin play in the Suburban League when it hosts La Mirada at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday. But even though their last game was a loss, Monsoons coach Brian VanderWal has liked what he’s seen lately. “We’ve made the finals of the last two tournaments we were in and we’re getting better, we’re playing better and we’re starting to come together,” VanderWal said. “It’s been a good couple of weeks and playing Los Alamitos can only help us get better.” After beating Mayfair 68-49 to win the Wilson Tournament, Los Alamitos improved to 11-3. But even though the Griffins are off to a good start, coach Russ May will be happy when school starts again. “I think getting in a routine is a good thing,” May said. “We still have one more week of vacation left but soon enough, everything will be normal again. But I can’t really complain about the way we’ve been playing lately.” The Griffins host Warren at 7 tonight in a nonleague game. — Ben Villa 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Joe Boyle’s U19s aim for top two finish

first_imgDespite the disappointment of the postponement of this afternoon’s game against Longford Town at the City Calling Stadium, Finn Harps U19 manager Joe Boyle is keeping his players focused on maintaining the push for a top two place in the Northern Section of the FAI National League. The game was called off due to the severe flooding at the Midlands venue, which also forced the cancellation of the Premier Division match between Longford Town and Bray Wanderers last night.With just two league fixtures remaining Boyle’s boys are bidding to stay in the hunt for a top two finish that would secure them a home game in the knockout stages of the competition. Harps have already qualified for the quarter-finals but the manager has been stressing to his players the importance of picking up maximum points against Longford who are out of contention in terms of progressing in the competition and Dundalk who are very much in the frame for a top two placing.A date for the rescheduled Longford game has yet to be confirmed while the other outstanding fixture against Dundalk takes place on Saturday week the 17th of September at Finn Park.Dundalk moved top of the table with their 2-0 home win over Sligo Rovers yesterday while Derry City leapfrogged Harps thanks to a 6-0 home victory over Athlone Town to go second.Boyle’s side is fourth in the table ahead of the game between St. Patrick’s Athletic and Drogheda later this afternoon. However, Harps do now have that game in hand. Joe Boyle’s U19s aim for top two finish was last modified: September 4th, 2016 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Dundalkfinn harpsJoe BoyleLongfordSligo RoversU19slast_img read more

CHILD ABUSE SCANDAL: DIRECTOR ADMITS PERVERT KEPT ON AS ODD JOBS MAN

first_imgA serial sex abuser who preyed on boys at a summer school building even after being convicted was not employed there as a caretaker, one of its directors has claimed.Donal O Loinsigh, who co-runs Ard Scoil Mhuire in Derrybeg, Co Donegal, denied paedophile Michael Ferry, 55, worked full-time for the college.“Michael Ferry did not have employers, because he was not employed,” he said. Jailing Ferry for 14 years for raping and molesting four boys, judge Paul Carney said a disturbing feature of the case was that he was kept on at the school despite a previous conviction for abusing a child in 2002.Judge Carney said this must have been known to local gardai and the school authorities.But Mr O Loinsigh, one of three directors of Colaiste Cholmcille, which runs Irish language summer courses at the former Ard Scoil Mhuire school building, said Ferry was known locally as the caretaker but was never contractually employed by the present authorities.While he was previously paid on a casual basis to look after the upkeep of the building, Mr O Loinsigh told the Press Association they took the school keys off him as soon as they learned of the charges against him in 2002. But he admitted Ferry, from Bunbeg, Gweedore, continued to do odd-jobs around the building, either paid for by the college authorities or sub-contracted by other workers hired in to maintain the school over the winter, since then.“He would have done odd jobs under supervision, I mean everybody was informed,” he said.However Derek Mulligan, 24, who was one of Ferry’s victims, hit out at the college.“He abused people AFTER he was convicted. He has admitted that,” said brave Derek (pictured at the school right).CHILD ABUSE SCANDAL: DIRECTOR ADMITS PERVERT KEPT ON AS ODD JOBS MAN was last modified: July 19th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

HEALTH: HOW TO BE BREAST AWARE DURING BREAST CANCER AWARENESS MONTH

first_imgOctober is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, an annual campaign to increase awareness of the disease.Breast cancer affects more than 2,800 women every year and is the most common cancer in women in Ireland.According to the Irish Cancer Society, breast cancer is rare in women under the age of 30 and occurs more often in women over the age of 50. Men also develop breast cancer but this is very rare: about 15 men develop breast cancer each year in Ireland.Although most people are aware of breast cancer, many women are still not breast aware.The Society has called on the Government to keep its promise to screen women between the ages of 65-69 for breast cancer.The Government said the extension of BreastCheck would take place during 2014 but then made a decision to defer it. At least eighty-seven lives are being lost to breast cancers every year due to the delay in screening the upper age group of women, according to the Society.The Irish Cancer Society is also using its Paint it Pink campaign to encourage women who are aged between 50-64 and have been invited to their free breast screening appointment by BreastCheck, to attend their appointment.Anyone who is concerned about breast cancer should contact the Irish Cancer Society’s National Cancer Helpline Freefone 1800 200 700 or visit www.cancer.ie.BE BREAST AWAREIt is important that every woman is breast aware. This means knowing what is normal for you so that if any unusual change occurs, you will recognise it. The sooner you notice a change the better, because if cancer is found early, treatment is more likely to be successful. Get into the habit of looking at and feeling your breasts from time to time. Changes to be aware of* a change in size or shape – it may be that one breast has become larger* changes in the nipple – in direction or shape, pulled in or flattened nipple* changes on or around the nipple – rash, flaky or crusted skin * changes in the skin – dimpling, puckering or redness* ‘orange peel’ appearance of the skin caused by unusually enlarged pores* swelling in your armpit or around your collarbone* a lump, any size, or thickening in your breast* constant pain in one part of your breast or armpitTechniques for checking your breasts* Look for changes by using a mirror so that you can see the breasts from different angles.* Feel for changes: An easy way of feeling your breast is with a soapy hand in the bath or shower. Some women prefer to feel for changes while lying down.The 5 point breast awareness code:Know what is normal for youKnow what changes to look forLook and feel your breastsDiscuss any changes with your GP without delayAttend for routine breast screening if you are aged between 50 and 64Know what is normal for youIt’s important to know what is normal for you. Your breasts will go through many normal changes during your life. For example, they are affected by changes in your hormones during your menstrual cycle, pregnancy and breast feeding and menopause.Your menstrual cycle: Each month, when you are having periods, your breasts often change. They can become bigger, tender and lumpy usually before a period starts and return to normal once the period is over. Some women, however, may have tender, lumpy breasts throughout their cycle.Pregnancy & breast-feeding: The changes that occur during your menstrual cycle continue during pregnancy. While breast-feeding, your breasts may be very enlarged, firm and tender; this is normal at this time. However, you should continue to check your breasts and discuss any unusual changes with your GP.Menopause: After the menopause your breasts will feel softer and they may get bigger or smaller. If there is a change in only one breast, you should discuss this with your doctor. HRT hormone replacement therapy may cause your breasts to feel firmer and quite tender.Positive steps to protect yourself against breast cancerBe a healthy weightBeing a healthy weight is one of the best ways to protect yourself from cancer. Being overweight after the menopause can increase your risk of breast cancer. This is because fat cells in your body make hormones and high levels of certain hormones increase your cancer risk.By eating a healthy diet and being physically active every day helps you to maintain a healthy weight.Be activeWomen who are physically active have a lower risk of breast cancer than less active women. Try to do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on five or more days a week. Moderate physical activity is any movement that makes you feel warm and breathe a little deeper.Limit alcoholDrinking alcohol increases your risk of breast cancer. The more you cut down on alcohol, the more you can reduce your risk of breast cancer.Don’t smokeSome recent research suggests that smoking may increase the risk of breast cancer. It is important to note that smoking causes 30% of all cancers.Breastfeed your babyBreastfeeding helps to protect mothers from breast cancer. It is best to breastfeed your baby for the first six months. The longer a woman breastfeeds her baby, the more she reduces her breast cancer risk.http://www.cancer.ie/cancer-information/breast-cancer/prevention#sthash.zM0UnjhW.dpbsHEALTH: HOW TO BE BREAST AWARE DURING BREAST CANCER AWARENESS MONTH was last modified: October 7th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Breast AwareBreast Cancer Awareness Monthdonegallast_img read more