Top Stories: Inbred Mammoths, Ringed Asteroids, and Shrinking Salamanders

first_img 00:0000:0000:00 A Dragonfly Mystery, Deformed Mammoths, and Why Dark Pigeons Rule Cities A Dragonfly Mystery, Deformed Mammoths, and Why Dark Pigeons Rule Citiescenter_img Saturn-Like Rings Spotted Around AsteroidResearchers have discovered Saturn-like rings around an icy asteroid far from our sun called Chariklo. This is the first time we’ve found rings around anything in our solar system other than a giant planet. At present, it’s not clear how Chariklo’s ring system formed, but the discovery may help us better us understand how rings behave and evolve. Did Inbreeding Doom the Mammoth?Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)When we think about the mammoth, we don’t imagine genetically deformed creatures stumbling through a doomed landscape, going to desperate lengths to stay alive in a rapidly changing world. But maybe we should: An unusual feature on some mammoth fossils dredged from the North Sea suggests that inbreeding may have hastened the mammoth’s extinction 10,000 years ago.Intensive Day Care May Improve Long-Term Health of Poor ChildrenEarly childhood intervention may improve the long-term health of poor children. That’s the conclusion of a study, launched in 1972, tracking the effect of an intensive day care program on low-income kids. The results suggest that it is possible to prevent conditions such as obesity and heart disease in the poor.Scientists Fix Errors in Controversial Paper About Saturated FatsOn 17 March, a paper made headlines around the world for questioning whether unsaturated fats are really healthier than saturated fats, debunking a cornerstone of many dietary guidelines. But a new version of the publication had to be posted shortly after it first appeared to correct several errors. Now, a number of scientists are criticizing the paper and even calling on the authors to retract it.Warming World Shrinks SalamandersSalamanders are displaying one of the fastest responses to climate change on record. As temperatures in their habitats have risen over just the past 50 years, salamanders have gotten smaller. The discovery is the first confirmation that climate change can alter body size—and helps us understand another way it will affect the world as we know it.Spacecraft Returns Seven Particles From Birth of the Solar SystemAfter a massive, years-long search, researchers have recovered seven interstellar dust particles from the birth of our solar system. The whole sample weighs just a few trillionths of a gram, but it’s the first time scientists have laid their hands on primordial material unaltered by the violent birth of the solar system.last_img read more

Insight Into Maternal Health in Humanitarian Crisis Settings

first_imgPosted on June 20, 2018August 1, 2018By: Kayla McGowan, Project Coordinator, Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Arcade Ndoricimpa, Chantal Inamahoro, Esther Achandi and Anne Marie from the rural area of Kayanza working with Congolese refugee women in Bujumbura conducting concept mappingThe Maternal Health Task Force (MHTF)’s Kayla McGowan recently had the pleasure of interviewing Jocelyn Finlay, a Research Scientist in the Department of Global Health and Population at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Finlay is the principal investigator of a project based in Burundi working on empowering young women in their reproductive health, using a mixed methods approach to create youth-made and youth-targeted interventions. With support from the MHTF, Finlay is also investigating the provision and use of maternal health services in an urban setting and within refugee camps in Burundi.KM: Describe your work in maternal health. Could you talk a bit about your collaboration with research partners? JF: We are looking at maternal health service provision and use within humanitarian crisis settings, specifically looking at refugees that migrate from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to Burundi. It is a unique setting because Burundi has its own humanitarian crisis at the moment. We see a lot of outflow of refugees from Burundi because of their own political crisis. Its neighbor, DRC, has about half a million refugees, and it has really accelerated. We are working within refugee camps which tend to be very remote.Given this unusual migration from one conflict setting to another we wanted to look into the maternal health services that are provided and what is used. We are using a mixed methods approach, so the qualitative work is helping us see whether we are asking the right questions in the first place. An initial question was: Is there a gap between provision and use? We wanted to hear about the maternal health services offered, and used, and see if the gap is generated by lack of supply or lack of demand.KM: What have you learned so far?JF: Having the qualitative research component has meant that we are better able to shape the research question, to make sure we ask the most important question. We have conducted two types of qualitative interviews. One is on the supply side, interviewing key informants about what kind of maternal health services are offered, whether people use them and what they think are the limitations. We are always asking about both problems and solutions.The second type is community participatory work with refugees. We use a technique called concept mapping, a workshop where people are grouped by age and interviewed. We are interviewing women between the ages of 15-49, divided into five- or 10-year age groups. The women get to talk about problems and solutions associated with provision and use of maternal health care services. Both the providers and the women get to discuss their thoughts about problems and solutions.We’ve conducted the qualitative work in an urban setting and in refugee camps.Two shortfalls that were cited as particularly acute for those in the camps were that there is some basic antenatal care, but there is not really any postnatal care. As my colleague says, “Women who give birth or miscarry are largely left to cure on their own.”There are doctors within the camps, but they are completely overwhelmed. If there are complications and women have to travel outside the camps, it is a very difficult journey since the camps are often very isolated. Again, to quote my colleague, “Imagine a three-kilometer [or much longer] journey in rough terrain for a mother experiencing labor complications.”Based on previous conversations, another point that emerged is that the needs within maternal health reflect broader health systems issues. Sanitation issues, such as not having enough soap, are really important to the refugee women. During delivery, sometimes there is not even soap for providers to wash their hands. Another issue is access to prescription medication—for maternal health purposes, newborn care and other issues. They are not confident about the quality of the drugs they are receiving, if they are the right quantity and there are also concerns about prescription medication cost and antibiotic resistance.KM: What is the biggest takeaway regarding maternal health in this setting?JF: A key takeaway that has emerged is that there are not enough maternal health guidelines for emergency situations in humanitarian crisis settings. For example, there is the Minimum Initial Service Package as well as guidelines for gender-based violence by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee. However, there is little available for maternal health in refugee settings specifically. There is a need for a short document containing lifesaving guidelines or step-by-step instructions for addressing emergency obstetric care in these settings. The World Health Organization has a “Key Steps” document, but it is not clear if these guidelines should be applied within the camps.KM: Could you talk a bit about the impact of your work on a global scale?JF: I hope that we shed light on a refugee situation in such a complex humanitarian situation of Congolese refugees in Burundi. We hope to bring voice to Burundi as a host community, and Congolese refugees.KM: If you had an unlimited budget, how would you invest in maternal health? JF: I would say strengthening the health care system within Burundi more broadly. Doing this would then translate to a strengthened health care system for refugees.Photo credit: Jocelyn Finlay—Access key resources related to sexual, reproductive and maternal health in humanitarian settings>>Read our series profiling maternal and newborn health in humanitarian settings:[Part 1] Ebola Virus Outbreak[Part 2] 2015 Nepal Earthquake[Part 3] Conflict in SyriaLearn more about revising the global standards for the 2018 Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settingsLearn more about World Refugee Day and join the conversation on social media using #WorldRefugeeDay and #WithRefugees.Share this: ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read:last_img read more